# 4-H Feeding Terms and FCE feed cost calculations

 PDF(32K) Agri-NewsThis Week

Average Daily gain: The amount of weight an animal gains per day.
.
Expected Average Daily gain for Calves
 Animal Size 600 pound 700 pound 800 pound 900 pound 1000 pound
 Expected Average Daily Gain in pounds
 Low < 1.5 < 1.75 < 2.0 < 2.25 < 2.50 Medium 1.5 – 2.25 1.75 – 2.5 2.0 – 2.75 2.25 - 3 2.5 – 3.25 High > 2.25 > 2.5 > 2.75 > 3.0 > 3.25

Feed Conversion Efficiency - the pounds (kg) of feed required to produce one unit of product, such as one pound or kilogram of body weight gain.

A calculated 6.5:1 Feed conversion efficiency indicates that 6.5 pounds of ration is required to produce one pound of gain.

Growing steers have a typical feed conversion efficiency of: 8:1 to 9:1.
Finishing steers have a typical feed conversion efficiency of: 6:1 to 7:1.
Feed cost per pound of gain: There are three components to calculating feed cost per pound of gain
1. Price or cost of feed used in the ration
2. Amount of each feed provided on a daily basis
3. Rate of gain for the animal in question
Example: The ration provided to an 800 pound steer gaining 2.75 pounds per day consists of:
 Feed Amount fed Cost per pound Cost per day Alfalfa grass hay 8 pounds \$0.03 \$0.24 Barley grain 13 pounds \$0.04 \$0.53 32% Supplement 1 pound \$0.15 \$0.15

Total ration cost per day = \$0.92
Average daily gain = 2.75 pounds

 Feed cost per pound of gain = Total ration cost per day = \$0.92 Average daily gain 2.75 pounds . = \$0.334 per pound

### Other Documents in the Series

Agriculture and Environment
Beef Project Description
4-H Steer Feeding Guidelines Based on Hip Height Measurements
4-H Feeding Terms and FCE feed cost calculations - Current Document
Livestock Slaughter and Processing in Alberta
4-H Project Prohibited Feed Affidavit