Shelterbelt Varieties for Alberta - Cherry Princepia

 
 
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 Plant characteristics | Fall colour | Site preference | Hardiness | Uses | Pruning
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Scientific Name: Princepia sinensis (D. Oliver) D.Oliver ex Bean.

Plant Characteristics

A dense, spiny, deciduous shrub about 2 m (6 ft) in height at maturity with a spread of about 2 m (6 ft).

Cherry princepia can live 25+ years. It has a slow to moderate growth rate, 10 to 30 cm (4 to 12 in.) a year.

Branches are light grey-brown with spines 6 to 10 mm (0.25 to 0.5 in.) long.

Leaves - Leaves are simple, alternately arranged 5 to 8 cm (2 to 3 in.) long, bright green, narrow shape with smooth edges.

Flowers - Creamy white, 1 to 5 mm (up to 0.25 in.) across, bloom in May to early June.

Fruit - Red cherry like (pit), 1.5 to 2 cm (0.6 to 0.8 in.) across, forms August to September.

A thorny shrub with arching branches, leafs out very early in the spring, a habit which may be considered desirable.

Fall Colour

Cherry princepia leaves turn yellow in the fall.

Site Preference

Will be able to thrive on any well drained soils. Prefers a sandy soil. Will grow on moderately alkali soils.
Cherry princepia is drought resistant.

Prefers full sun to partial shade.

Hardiness

Winter hardy.
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Uses

Cherry princepia is drought resistant and grows easily into a hedge. The plant is useful as a low growing roadside hedge, or as an ornamental. Planting distance between plants in a row is 1 to 1.5 m (3 to 4.5 ft).

Pruning

Pruning is not often required. Maintenance pruning, removal of broken, crossed, or dead branches.
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Shelterbelts Varieties for Alberta provides information on a number of other trees and shrubs than may be suitable for shelterbelts.

Visit our website directory for the Reforestation Woodlot Listings.

 
 
 
 
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This information published to the web on May 7, 2001.
Last Reviewed/Revised on December 17, 2015.