Night-Time Travel

 
 
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Lighting of tractors and self-propelled implements | Lighting of towed implements

Night-time or darkness is defined by the Use of Highway and Rules of the Road Regulation as “the period commencing one hour after sunset and ending one hour before the following sunrise, or when atmospheric conditions (such as snow, rain, fog, smoke) do not allow enough light to clearly see a person at a distance of 150 metres”.

The following section outlines night-time travel requirements for:
  • Tractors and self-propelled implements
  • Towed farm implements.
Remember that flags are not allowed in place of warning lights when you move equipment at night.

Lighting of Tractors and Self-Propelled Implements

Head Lamps
Tractors and other self-propelled equipment must have at least two, but not more than four, head lamps visible from the front. Mount all head lamps at the same height (see Figure 6).

Figure 6: Head Lamps for Tractors and Self-Propelled Implements

Tractors and self-propelled equipment require at least two head lamps. If the machine is more than 2.6 metres (8.5 feet) wide, warning lights must mark the widest part of the implement.

For detailed specifications on aiming and aligning head lamps, see Appendix 2 "A Guide for Aiming Head Lamps."

Warning Lights
If a tractor or self-propelled implement is wider than 2.6 metres (8.5 feet), you must display warning lights at the widest part of the vehicle. The warning lights are to be continuously lit, showing amber to the front and red to the rear, and shall be visible at a distance of 150 metres (490 feet) in normal darkness (see Figure 6).

Slow-Moving Vehicle Sign
A farm tractor or self propelled implement must have a slow-moving vehicle sign which is clearly visible to the driver of a vehicle approaching from the rear. See the section, “Daytime Travel.”

Tail Lamps
Tractors and other self-propelled equipment must have at least two red tail lamps.

When lit, a tail lamp must be capable of emitting a red light plainly visible at a distance of not less than 150 metres (490 feet) to the rear of the vehicle.

Space the tail lamps as wide laterally as practical, and locate them at a height of not more than 1,850 millimetres (6 feet) nor less than 500 millimetres (20 inches) above the ground (see Figure 7).

Figure 7: Placement of Tail Lamps



Tractors and self-propelled equipment must have at least two red tail lamps. If the machine is more than 2.6 metres (8.5 feet) wide, warning lights must mark the widest part of the implement.





Turn Signals
Turn signals are not required; however, if your vehicle does have them, keep them in good working condition.

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Lighting of Towed Farm Implements

Slow-Moving Vehicle Sign
A towed implement must have its own slow-moving vehicle sign which is clearly visible to the driver of a vehicle approaching from the rear. See the section, “Daylight Travel”.

Warning Lights
If a towed implement is wider than 2.6 metres (8.5 feet), you must display warning lights at the widest part of the vehicle. The warning lights are to be continuously lit, showing amber to the front and red to the rear, and must be visible at a distance of 150 metres (490 feet) in normal darkness.

Tail Lamps
Towed implements must have at least two red tail lamps (see Figure 8). When lit, a tail lamp must be capable of emitting a red light plainly visible at a distance of not less than 150 metres (490 feet) to the rear of the vehicle.

Space the tail lamps as wide laterally as practical and locate them at a height of not more than 1850 millimetres (6 feet) nor less than 500 millimetres (20 inches) above the ground.

Figure 8: Lighting of Towed Farm Implements


Towed implements must have at least two red tail lamps. If the implement is more than 2.6 metres (8.5 feet) wide, warning lights must mark the widest part of the implement.

Warning lights must show amber to the front and red to the rear.

Reflectors
Although not mandatory, you should use reflectors to provide better visibility when you move farm machinery on roads at night. Use amber reflectors to mark the front of towed implements that protrude beyond the width of the towing farm tractor (see Figure 9).

Figure 9: Amber Reflectors on Front of Implement


For maximum visibility, clean your reflectors and lamps before travelling on public roads.

Use at least two red reflectors, visible from the rear, to mark the rear of the implement (see Figure 10).

Figure 10: Red Reflectors on Rear of Implement


Superior grade reflective tapes offer better visibility, are more durable and are less susceptible to damage than reflective lenses in lamp fixtures. Such reflective tapes are also known as retroreflective tapes or conspicuity tapes.

See Appendix 3, "Standards for Lighting and Marking," for information on lighting and marking equipment to the appropriate standard.

Reflective material should be visible at night from a distance of 150 metres (490 feet) in normal darkness when directly exposed to the high beam of headlamps. Reflectors should comply with the requirements of Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J594 (see Figure 10).

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Other Documents in the Series

 
  Safe Transportation of Farm Equipment - Section 2
Responsibility for Meeting Regulated Requirements
Daytime Travel
Night-Time Travel - Current Document
Questions and Answers
 
 
 
 
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For more information about the content of this document, contact Kenda Lubeck.
This information published to the web on March 25, 2009.
Last Reviewed/Revised on October 24, 2017.