4-H Horse Reference Manual

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We are excited that you have chosen to become involved in the 4-H Horse Project. We hope you have a great time this year making new friends, taking part in 4-H activities, working with your 4-H project and learning more about being a horse owner.

Horse Project Addendum (53kb) | Horse Assessment Page Numbers (83kb) | Horse Reference Manual Index (62kb)
4-H Horse Reference Manual
  • Physical Appearance
  • Attitude
  • Body Functions
  • General Condition
  • Working Condition
  • Caring for Your Horse’s Teeth
  • The Vital Signs
  • Controlling Parasites
  • Horse First Aid Kit
  • First Aid Treatments
  • Diseases of Horses
  • Medical Terms
  • Basic Safety Rules
  • Helmets
  • The Riding Arena
  • Trailering Horses
  • First Aid
  • Safety on the Trail
  • Why Groom?
  • The Grooming Kit
  • Picking Up the Feet
  • The Importance of Hoof Care
  • Bathing Horses
  • Grooming Problems
  • Clipping
Selection and Buying
  • Buying a Horse - Your First Look
  • How will this horse behave?
  • What can this horse do?
  • How much am I willing to pay?
  • Halter
  • Bridle
  • Bits
  • Mechanics of the Bit and Bridle
  • Reins
  • Saddles
  • Saddle Blankets
  • Riding Equipment for the Rider
  • Care of Equipment
  • Other Commonly Used Equipment
  • Trailering Equipment
Conformation & Evaluation
  • How is this horse put together?
  • Muscling
  • Balance
  • Quality and Refinement
  • Conformation Faults
  • “Way of Going” or Travel
  • Deviations from Travel in Horses Include:
      Is this horse sound?
  • Approaching a Horse
  • Haltering a Horse
  • Leading a Horse
  • Tying a Horse
  • Saddling
  • Unsaddling
  • Bridling
  • Unbridling
  • Lunging
  • Restraints
Parts of the Horse
  • Parts of the horse
  • Parts of the hoof
  • Teeth
  • Teeth and Age
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • The Nature of the Horse
Horse Identification
  • Equine Terminology
  • Colours and Markings
  • Characteristics of the Main Horse Types
  • Breed Associations
  • Gaits
  • Diagonals
  • Leads
  • Stride
  • Pressure
  • Centre of Gravity
  • Defects in Way of Going
  • Lameness
  • Acute or Chronic
  • Diagnosing Lameness
  • Housing
  • Manure Management
  • Settling a New Horse in a New Home
  • Housing Horses Together
  • Transportation Equipment
  • Booby Traps
  • Riding Surfaces
  • Stable Vices
  • Mounting
  • Dismounting
  • Be Courteous to Your Horse
  • Warming Up and Cool Down
  • Body Position
  • Rider Balance
  • Holding the Reins
  • Rein Effects
  • The Aids
  • Changing Direction or Turning
  • Absorbing the Horse’s Motion
  • Transitions
  • Terms Used in Riding
  • Riding Exercises
  • Feeding Your Horse
  • Where to Feed
  • Horse Nutrition
  • Judging the Quality of Hay Products
  • Energy Foods
  • Balancing Horse Rations
  • Salt and Minerals
  • Measuring the Weight of a Horse
  • Winter Care of the Horse
  • Feeds a Horse Should NOT Receive
  • Horse Digestion
  • Feeding Problems
  • Feeding a Sick Horse
Evaluation Sheet

4-H Horse Packing Member Guide (217kb)4-H Cattle Events Member Guide (364kb)
4-H Horse Winter Projects 4-H Ranch Horse Member Guide (292kb)
4-H Horse Winter Projects Chapter 1 pages 1-9
4-H Horse Winter Projects Chapter 2 pages 10-34
4-H Horse Winter Projects Chapter 3 pages 35-51
4-H Horse Winter Projects Chapter 4 pages 52-70

Other Documents in the Series

  4-H Horse Reference Manual - Current Document
4-H Horse - Leader Guide and Winter Projects
4-H Horsemanship Assessment Tools
Young Horse Industry Project Application - 4-H Yound Horse Option
Standardbred Horse Project - 4-H Young Horse Option
The Performance Standardbred Project - 4-H Young Horse Project Option
4-H Young Horse
4-H Horse - English Options
4-H Horse - Project Options
For more information about the content of this document, contact Janet Kerr.
This document is maintained by Corinne Skulmoski.
This information published to the web on December 15, 2005.
Last Reviewed/Revised on February 11, 2009.