Hort Morsels - Bits and Pieces - Hort Snacks - August 2017

  Hort Snacks - August 2017
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In the News

Mental Snacktime - Harvest

“Always do your best. What you plant now, you will harvest later.” – Og Mandino

“Don't judge each day by the harvest you reap but by the seeds that you plant.” – Robert Louis Stevenson

“What we plant in the soil of contemplation, we shall reap in the harvest of action.” Meister Eckhart

“Before the reward there must be labor. You plant before you harvest. You sow in tears before you reap joy.” – Ralph Ransom

“We must give more in order to get more. It is the generous giving of ourselves that produces the generous harvest.” – Orison Swett Marden

“Reason clears and plants the wilderness of the imagination to harvest the wheat of art.” – Austin O'Malley

“Happiness is the harvest of a quiet eye.” – Austin O'Malley

Check your Elm Trees for Dutch Elm Disease (DED) Symptoms

By Janet Feddes-Calpas
Please help us prevent Dutch elm disease (DED) in Alberta. It is that time of year to be checking your elm trees for DED symptoms. A confirmed DED tree must be removed immediately to prevent further spread.

If an elm tree is infected with DED the leaves initially become wilted and soon will curl up, turn yellow and then brown. This is also referred to as flagging. Leaf symptoms are usually accompanied by brown staining under the bark. Symptoms begin in late spring or any time during the growing season. Suspicious elms must be tested in a STOPDED recognized lab for the presence of the fungus. Lab costs are covered by STOPDED.

This fatal fungus, which affects all species of elm trees in Alberta, clogs the elm tree’s water conducting system and will cause the tree to die, usually within one or two seasons. The fungus is primarily spread from one tree to another by three species of insect vectors, the smaller European elm bark beetle (SEEBB), the native elm bark beetle (NEBB) and the banded elm bark beetle (BEBB). The beetles are attracted to weak and dying trees, which serve as breeding sites for the beetles. Once the beetles have pupated and turned into adults they leave the brood gallery and fly to healthy elms to feed, thus transporting the fungus on their bodies from one tree to the next. STOPDED monitors annually for the vectors throughout the province and both the SEEBB and BEBB have been found in various locations.

For this reason, it is important that elm firewood not be transported into or within Alberta as the wood may be harbouring the bark beetles. Firewood is confiscated at all the Alberta-Montana border crossings.

All elm trees that are showing DED symptoms must be reported immediately. To report symptoms or for more information call the toll free provincial STOPDED hotline by dialling 1-877-837-ELMS (3567). You can also visit our website at www.stopded.org.

Q and A

Q: When do you decide to stop harvesting a crop? What tells you that it is "done"?

A: What it’s done or overripe. Like peas can get too big.
A: When the time to harvest exceeds the benefits
A: When I have enough for myself, customers and friends.
A: We harvest (U-Pick) as long as we have good product. When quality goes down we close that product.
A: Saskatoon Berry - U Pik/ We Pik. When it takes more than an hour to pick a bucket of good berries, we close We Pick first, quit advertising, but allow people to still pick, telling them we are done but there are still good berries down there! During this time, we are cleaning up, taking down signs, etc. It’s not a one day open, one day closed but 3-4 day decision. Then, if anyone is interested, we sell the berries as fresh, frozen.
A: I guess that depends on the crop, when all the berries are picked and it isn't producing more, then it is done. Leafy things like Kale and lettuce, when their leaves are getting smaller and smaller or go to seed. Spinach as soon as it bolts. Most things have a finite harvest time per mother nature.

Next Month’s ? What are the deciding factors that you use to drop or cut loose a product or crop?
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For more information about the content of this document, contact Robert Spencer.
This information published to the web on July 28, 2017.