Crop Conditions as of October 9, 2018 (Abbreviated Report)

 
 
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Crop Conditions as of October 9, 2018 (Abbreviated Report)

Generally, harvest progress has been slow due to wet conditions across the province and lower than normal temperatures since the end of August. Provincially, about 47 per cent of major crops have now been harvested, up nine per cent from a week ago (see Table 1). Comparing harvest progress over recent years, 2018 has been the most delayed in all regions. About 26 per cent are still in swath (unchanged from last week) and another 27 per cent standing, down nine per cent from a week ago. If the forecast for improved weather in the coming week holds, harvest could advance significantly.

Regionally, harvest progress is behind the 5-year averages in all regions. Over the past week, producers in the North East, North West and Peace Regions were able to make some progress, before the long weekend when snow halted harvesting operations. The snow has flattened standing crops, impacting the yield potential in the affected areas. The cool, wet weather has resulted in some crops sprouting and cracking, with some crops having shriveled and frozen kernels, which affects crop quality.

On the upside, the precipitation received across the province has been most beneficial to fall seeded crops which are now rated as three per cent poor, 34 per cent fair, 56 per cent good and seven per cent excellent. Likewise, there has been an improvement in soil moisture reserves (see the Map). Surface soil moisture conditions (sub-surface shown in brackets) across the province are rated as 4 (12) per cent poor, 16 (30) per cent fair, 49 (34) per cent good, 27 (22) per cent excellent and four (two) per cent excessive. Pastures across the province now look better, but without re-growth due to cool temperatures (see Table 2).


REGIONAL ASSESSMENTS:
The 2018 Alberta Crop Report Series continues to provide summaries for the following five regions:

Region One: Southern (Strathmore, Lethbridge, Medicine Hat, Foremost)

  • Cool, wet conditions have slowed down harvest progress in most parts of the Region, while in others, rain, snow and frost have halted harvesting completely. For potatoes and sugar beets, harvest was progressing very slowly, until the snow over the long weekend.
  • Regionally, 71 per cent of major crops are harvested (up one per cent from a week ago), with 12 per cent swathed and 17 per cent still standing.
  • About 21 per cent of spring wheat, 11 per cent of barley, 20 per cent of oats and five per cent of dry peas are still standing. For canola, 53 per cent is harvested, 23 per cent in swath and 24 per cent still standing.
  • Fall seeded crops are rated as three per cent poor, 33 per cent fair, 56 per cent good and eight per cent excellent.
  • Surface soil moisture conditions (sub-surface soil ratings in the brackets) are rated as 13 (27) per cent poor, 43 (52) per cent fair, 43 (21) per cent good and one (zero) per cent excellent.
Region Two: Central (Rimbey, Airdrie, Coronation, Oyen)
  • Producers who had access to grain dryers were able to combine a limited number of acres, before the snow on the long weekend.
  • Nearly 44 per cent of major crops in this Region are now in the bin (up two per cent from a week ago), 24 per cent in swath and 32 per cent still standing.
  • About 36 per cent of spring wheat, 35 per cent of barley, 50 per cent of oats and two per cent of dry peas are still standing. For canola, 29 per cent has been harvested, 40 per cent swathed and 31 per cent still standing.
  • Fall seeded crops are rated as three per cent poor, 34 per cent fair, 58 per cent good and five per cent excellent.
  • Surface soil moisture conditions (sub-surface soil ratings in the brackets) are rated as zero (10) per cent poor, 9 (23) per cent fair, 53 (47) per cent good and 28 (18) per cent excellent, with 10 (2) per cent excessive.
Region Three: North East (Smoky Lake, Vermilion, Camrose, Provost)
  • Compared to other regions, harvest progress was quite significant in this Region over the past week. More swathing also took place, before combining came to a halt due to the recent snow over the long weekend.
  • About 44 per cent of major crops have been harvested (up 22 per cent from last week), with 32 per cent in swath and 24 per cent still standing.
  • There are nearly 29 per cent of spring wheat, 42 per cent of barley, 41 per cent of oats and three per cent of dry peas still standing. For canola, about 24 per cent is combined, with 59 per cent in swath and 17 per cent still standing.
  • Fall seeded crops are rated as 10 per cent poor, 50 per cent fair and 40 per cent good.
  • Surface soil moisture conditions (sub-surface soil ratings in the brackets) are rated as zero (12) fair, 46 (36) per cent good and 51 (50) per cent excellent, with 3 (2) per cent excessive.
Region Four: North West (Barrhead, Edmonton, Leduc, Drayton Valley, Athabasca)
  • Some harvest progress, mainly for cereals was reported for the Region. However, snow on the weekend has halted harvesting operations once more. Most of combined cereals are being dried. Crop quality for standing crops have also deteriorated.
  • Overall, 28 per cent of major crops are still standing, 42 per cent in swath and 30 per cent harvested (up 15 per cent from a week ago).
  • About 44 per cent of spring wheat, 47 per cent of barley, 38 per cent of oats and three per cent of dry peas are still standing. While six per cent of canola has been harvested, 84 per cent is in swath and 11 per cent still standing.
  • Surface soil moisture conditions (sub-surface soil ratings in the brackets) are rated as zero (15) per cent poor, 15 (46) per cent fair, 57 (11) per cent good and 28 (28) per cent excellent.
Region Five: Peace River (Fairview, Falher, Grande Prairie, Valleyview)
  • Cool temperatures and snow over the weekend have slowed down harvesting operations. Even so, producers were still able to make some progress. Regionally, 30 per cent of major crops have been combined (up seven per cent from last week), 30 per cent are in swath and 40 per cent still standing.
  • About 58 per cent of spring wheat, 62 per cent of barley, 66 per cent of oats and 41 per cent of dry peas are still standing. While 16 per cent of canola is harvested, 59 per cent is in swath and 26 per cent still standing.
  • Surface soil moisture conditions (sub-surface soil ratings in the brackets) are rated as zero (two) per cent poor, zero (eight) per cent fair, 56 (60) per cent good and 34 (24) per cent excellent, with 10 (6) per cent excessive.

Alberta Agriculture and Forestry
Ashan Shooshtarian, Crop Statistician
Economics and Competitiveness Branch
Statistics and Data Development Section
E-mail: ashan.shooshtarian@gov.ab.ca
Phone: 780-422-2887

October 12, 2018

Note to Users: The contents of this document may not be used or reproduced without properly accrediting Alberta Agriculture and Forestry, Economics and Competitiveness Branch, Statistics and Data Development Section.
The 2018 Alberta crop reporting series is available on the Internet at: http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/sdd4191


 
 
 
 
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For more information about the content of this document, contact Ashan Shooshtarian.
This document is maintained by Marian Elson.
This information published to the web on October 12, 2018.