Technical Bulletin: Breton

 
 
Download 243K pdf file ("Breton.pdf")PDF
(243K)
     Subscribe to our free E-Newsletter, "Agri-News" (formerly RTW This Week)Agri-News
This Week
 
 
 
 Breton is a promising general purpose barley with good potential for grain and forage production; attributes supported by its good grain yield, plump seed, forage yield, resistance to diseases and lodging.

Breton was developed by the Field Crop Development Centre. Breton is six-rowed, smooth-awned, hulled general purpose barley. This barley is tall with strong straw and good lodging resistance, surface-borne smut resistance and has plumper seed than the current feed checks Vivar and AC Ranger. It has good forage yields, 105% of Vivar.

Breton has a better than average combination of disease resistance reactions. These traits could make Breton a good grain and forage barley that fits in well for a crop production system that is keen on taking advantage of cost saving genetic attributes to manage crop diseases.

Breton has the good attribute of stable grain yields across Western Canada agro-ecological zones. Grain yield stability across agro-ecological zones is a desirable trait.

Although Breton grain yield is slightly lower compared with Vivar, Breton has a 5% forage yield and 6% plump advantage over Vivar. These advantages and the excellent resistance to major diseases could make Breton a good feed grain and forage barley in Western Canada. Other traits including smooth awns and good lodging resistance make Breton a robust feed and forage barley variety.

Strengths

  • Grain yields exceed malting checks ‘CDC Mayfair’ and ‘Celebration’.
  • Heading and maturity earlier (>1d) than the feed Checks.
  • Taller than both feed and malting checks with good lodging resistance that is better than ‘AC Ranger’ and not significantly different than ‘Vivar’.
  • Percent plumps are better than AC Ranger and Vivar, similar to the malting checks. Test weight and 1000kw equal to check Vivar and better than AC Ranger.
  • Excellent disease package with moderate to good resistance to a range of key diseases. Meets or exceeds the Priority 1 diseases: resistant to stem rust; moderately resistant to spot-form of net blotch, spot blotch and the surface-borne smuts; MRMS to net-form of net blotch, scald and common root rot.
Neutral Traits
  • Yield is not significantly different than the feed check AC Ranger.
  • Meets minimum requirement for resistance of moderate resistance to spot-form net, net-form net, scald and surface-borne smuts
  • Crude protein similar to the check Vivar.
Weaknesses
  • Susceptible to FHB and DON, similar to AC Ranger and Vivar.
  • Susceptible to FHB and DON, similar to AC Ranger and Vivar.
  • Yields 5% lower than Vivar.
Table 1. Summary of 12 FCDC sites from 2010 and 2011.
Variety
Yield (kg/ha)
1000 Kernel Wt.
Test Wt. (kg/hL)
Plump (%)
Anthesis (Days)
Maturity (Days)
Height (cm)
Lodging Stage /%
WUEBIO kg/mm /ha
WUE kg/mm /ha
Forage Yield kg/ha
Breton
8135.5
45.9
61.3
89.4
57.4
107.2
91.4
302.5
59.3
24.6
14568.7
AC Ranger
8419.0
43.0
59.5
78.7
57.9
108.7
87.6
281.4
64.4
26.9
14262.6
Chigwell
8440.9
40.0
61.2
79.3
59.0
107.1
87.6
240.1
53.8
23.1
13597.5
Vivar
9034.5
44.1
61.1
82.1
59.1
107.5
81.1
261.4
58.6
23.7
13856.9
Avg
8597.7
42.2
61.2
82.6
57.8
107.6
86.1
271.1
60.4
24.5
13955.5
LSD
1553.3
2.1
2.0
6.6
2.9
7.1
7.0
162.6
22.9
18.7
3457.5
StdErr
190.2
0.3
0.3
0.9
0.4
0.8
1.0
18.7
2.0
1.6
286.7
.
Table 2.  NIRS determined grain quality from 12 sites grown in 2010 and 2011 FCDC sites.
Variety
Digestible Energy Content kcal/kg
Lipid %
Starch %
Protein %
Lysine %*10
Protein Digestibility %
Beta-Glucan %
Pentosan %
Soluble Fibre %
Ash
Total Fibre
Breton
2950.0
2.2
60.3
12.2
0.5
82.4
3.4
5.2
5.1
2.3
20.3
AC Ranger
2932.1
2.2
59.1
11.9
0.4
79.6
3.8
4.7
5.5
2.4
20.9
Chigwell
3042.8
2.4
60.3
12.3
0.5
72.6
3.9
4.8
4.5
2.2
19.3
Vivar
3016.0
2.2
59.2
11.8
0.4
72.1
3.4
5.2
4.6
2.4
20.4
Avg
2974.0
2.2
59.5
12.3
0.4
75.8
3.7
5.1
5.0
2.4
20.5
LSD
47.3
0.1
1.4
0.9
0.0
3.0
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.2
0.5
StdErr
7.6
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
.
Table 3.  Two year summary of Breton and check cultivars from 2010 and 2011 Western Six-Row Cooperative Trials.
Variety
Heading (days)
Height (cm)
Lodging (1-9)
Maturity (days)
Yield (kg/ha)
Yield % of AC Ranger
Yield % of CDC Mayfair
1000K Wt g
Test Wt (g/hL)
Plumps %
Thins %
Visual Score 1-9
Breton
56.4
82.0
3.9
95.6
6456
97
107
44.9
62.2
88.5
5.7
6.9
AC Ranger
57.3
77.4
4.9
97.0
6629
100
110
41.7
61.2
77.0
10.9
6.2
Vivar
58.0
73.3
3.1
96.7
6730
102
111
42.0
62.5
82.4
8.7
6.4
CDC Mayfair
56.0
80.0
2.9
95.0
6047
91
100
40.0
61.8
90.9
2.0
7.0
Celebration
55.8
79.6
2.8
93.7
6040
91
100
38.0
63.4
88.8
4.9
7.3
Mean
56.3
78.2
3.2
95.3
6316
41.1
62.6
87.6
8.2
6.9
LSD0.05
0.5
1.5
0.8
1.0
262
1.1
0.6
2.7
4.0
0.9
CV
1.6
5.3
37.5
1.7
9.6
4.7
1.8
4.7
52.1
12.0
Sites
31
35
11
23
32
25
26
21
10
4
.
Table 4. Disease Rating for Breton – Prairie Recommending Committee for Oat and Barley.
DiseaseRating
Stem rustResistant
Loose smutIntermediate
General disease ratingMeets or exceeds Priority 1 disease resistance requirements
Septoria, FHB, BYDV Susceptible
Scald, common root rot, net-form net blotchModerately Resistant / Moderately Susceptible
Spot-form net blotch, spot blotch, surface-borne smutsModerately Resistant
 
 
 
 
Share via AddThis.com
For more information about the content of this document, contact Erin Collier.
This information published to the web on April 3, 2013.
Last Reviewed/Revised on September 15, 2016.