Technical Bulletin: Muskwa

 
 
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 Muskwa is a general purpose grain barley with good disease and lodging resistance for western Canada.

Muskwa is a six-rowed, smooth-awned, hulled barley, well-adapted to the soil zones of western Canada. It is a semi-dwarf barley with strong straw, smut resistance and intermediate maturity traits equal to or better than Vivar.

Muskwa combines the desirable trait of stable grain yield across western Canada environments with a better than average combination of disease resistance reactions. Muskwa will be useful to include in rotation for scald management. The total resistance package, especially in terms of scald, compensates for a slightly lower yield than checks. The lodging resistance and smooth awns also makes Muskwa an advantageous feed/forage variety.

Strengths

  • Grain yields stable across western Canada environments.
  • Shorter (semi-dwarf) than both feed and malting checks; good lodging resistance that is better than AC Ranger, CDC Mayfair, and Tradition.
  • Percent plumps are similar to Vivar and better than AC Ranger.
  • Moderate resistant to scald, spot-form of net blotch and spot blotch; and better than Vivar.
  • Good resistance to covered (U. hordei) and false loose smut (U. nigra) similar to Vivar.
  • Test weight and 1000K wt equal to Vivar.
  • Moderate resistant to stem rust (Rpg1).
Neutral Traits
  • Yield is 4% lower than feed checks Vivar and AC Ranger.
  • Days to maturity comparable to Vivar.
  • Crude protein similar to Vivar.
  • Moderate susceptible to common root rot, similar to Vivar.
Weaknesses
  • FHB and DON reactions are similar to or worse than Vivar.
  • Moderate susceptible to net-form of net blotch; similar to Vivar.
Table 1. Western Co-operative Six-Row Barley Test - Mean summary values for 2009-2010.
Entry
Heading (days)
Height (cm)
Lodge
(1-9)
Maturity (days)
Yield (kg/ha)
% of Ranger
% of Mayfair
1000K Wt (g)
Test Wt (g)
% Plumps
%  Thin
% Protein
Visual Score
Muskwa
60
69
3
95
6372
96
104
40
62
84
10
11
7
AC Ranger
58
76
5
97
6618
100
108
43
61
79
13
11
6
Tradition
56
79
4
93
5876
89
96
39
63
91
6
12
6
Vivar
59
72
2
96
6587
100
108
43
62
85
10
11
6
Lacey
56
76
2
94
5946
90
97
42
64
92
4
12
6
CDC Mayfair
57
77
4
94
6125
93
100
42
61
92
4
11
7
Mean
57
76
3
94
6188
41
62
89
7
11
7
se
2
6
2
3
630
3
2
6
5
1
1
CV
3
9
71
3
10
6
3
7
---
7
16
sites
31
37
9
27
39
25
22
15
6
6
3
.
Table 2.  Summary of results for 2009 – 2010 Western Co-operative Forage Barley Test.
Entry
Days to Heading
Hght
Lodg
Rate
Days to Maturity
Grain Yield (kg/ha)
Kwt
Test Wt
% Plump
CP
Forage DM Yld (kg/ha)
Forage Quality
CP
ADF
NDF
TDN
Muskwa
57
72
1
6
95
5868
40
63
85
12
8056
8
32
51
57
Virden
59
90
2
7
97
5958
45
60
89
12
8726
8
34
53
54
AC Ranger
57
81
3
6
96
6089
42
61
80
11
8172
8
32
52
56
Vivar
58
75
2
6
97
6495
44
63
86
11
8226
8
32
52
57
Mean
57
85
2
7
96
5471
44
63
86
12
8436
8
33
52
56
LSD
2
10
2
1
2
599
6
5
8
1
911
1
2
2
1
CV
4
12
94
16
2
11
14
8
9
8
12
7
7
5
2
Stn Yrs
6
10
2
5
7
10
7
7
7
5
10
10
10
10
.
Table 3.  2010 Average quality parameters from three six-row Coop sites (Calmar, Lacombe and Trochu) as measured by FCDC Lacombe using NIRS. 
Entry
CP
DEC
PD
Lysine
Starch
β-Glucan
Ash
Pentosan
Lipid
TotFiber
SolFiber
Muskwa
12
2956
68
0.4
57
3.9
2.5
5.2
2.1
21.6
5.0
AC Ranger
12
2861
75
0.4
56
4.3
2.5
4.9
2.0
22.4
5.9
Tradition
13
3066
68
0.5
58
4.4
2.0
5.1
2.5
19.9
5.0
Vivar
12
2987
65
0.4
57
4.0
2.4
5.2
2.0
21.6
4.7
Lacey
13
3100
72
0.5
58
4.2
2.1
5.2
2.5
19.5
4.9
CDC Mayfair
12
2992
72
0.4
57
3.7
2.2
5.4
2.5
20.5
4.8
Mean
12.3
2994
70.0
0.4
57.2
4.1
2.3
5.2
2.3
20.9
5.1
sd
0.5
84.4
3.6
0.1
0.8
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3
1.1
0.4
CV
4.9
2.8
5.4
6.9
1.4
7.5
8.6
4
7.5
4.9
9
CP = Crude protein; DEC = digestible energy content (Kcal/kg) as fed; PD = Protein digestibility (%);All other parameters:  Lysine to SolFiber reported as % of DM
.
Table 4.  2006-2010 Summary of Grain, Agronomic and Dry matter Yield Data from FCDC Lacombe Trials.
Variety
Grain Yield Class
0 LE Yield

LT 4000

4000 LE Yield LT 6000
6000 LE Yield LT 8000
8000 LE Yield
All
Dry Silage
Yield (kg/ha)
% Check
Yield (kg/ha)
% Check
Yield (kg/ha)
% Check
Yield (kg/ha)
% Check
Yield (kg/ha)
% Check
DM Yield (kg/ha)
% Check
VIVAR
3486
100
5608
100
7794
100
9809
100
7134
100
15359
100
Muskwa
3278
94
5519
98
7514
96
9482
97
6892
97
14331
93
Mean
3382
5563
7654
9646
7013
14845
Sd+
147
63
198
231
171
727
Stn Yrs
8
8
10
13
39
3

.
Table 5.  Summary of results.
Variety
Grain Yield (kg/ha)
% Check YLD.
Maturity (days)
% Check Maturity
1000 kwt (KWT)
% Check KWT
Test Wt. (kg/hl)
% Check Testwt
Anthesis (days)
% Check Anthesis
Height (cm)
% Check ht.
Plump (%)
% Check Plump
VIVAR
7134
100
96
100
43
100
63
100
56
100
77
100
79.7
100
Muskwa
6892
97
95
99
41
94
63
101
56
99
75
97
79
99
Mean
7013
96
42
63
56
76
79.4
Sd+
171
0
2
1
0
1
0.5
Stn Yrs
39
30
35
35
30
33
28
.
Table 6. Disease Rating for Muskwa – Prairie Recommending Committee for Oat & Barley.
Disease
Rating
Surface Borne Smuts
Resistant
Scald, Spot Blotch, Spot-form Net Blotch
Moderately Resistant
Stem Rust
Moderately Resistant
Net-Form Net Blotch
Moderately Susceptible
Loose Smut, Common Root Rot
Moderately Susceptible
Speckled Leaf Blotch, Septoria, FHB, Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus
Susceptible
 
 
 
 
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For more information about the content of this document, contact Erin Collier.
This information published to the web on April 2, 2013.
Last Reviewed/Revised on April 7, 2016.